Fun Facts and Daily Trivia: Monday August 5, 2019

The 217 day of the year–148 days left to go 

THIS WEEK IS

  • Assistance Dog Week (Link)
  • Exercise With Your Child Week
  • National Button Week (Link)
  • National Farmers’ Market Week
  • National Fraud Awareness Week (Link)
  • Single Working Women’s Week (Link)
  • Stop on Red Week (Link)

TODAY IS

  • 31st Monday of 2019
  • 45th day of summer–49 days left until fall
  • Assistance Dog Day (Link)
  • National Oyster Day* (Link)
  • National Underwear Day* (Link)

ON THIS DATE…

1100: Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.

1305: William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London where he is put on trial and executed (read more).


1471: Thomas Kempis died at Mount Saint Agnes monastery in the Netherlands where he had lived for 64 years. He wrote Imitation of Christ, a work translated into all languages, still published and read today, more than 500 years after it was written.



1583: Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador.

1600: The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place.


1604: Baptism of American “apostle to the Indians”, John Eliot.  His evangelistic zeal led in 1649 to establishing the missionary Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England (read more). 


1620: The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America (read more).



1735: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true.

1775: the Spanish ship San Carlos, commanded by Juan Manuel de Ayala, entered what would soon be called San Francisco Bay (read more). 

1861:  in order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872).


1884: The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid at Bedloe’s Island (now called Liberty Island), New York. The actual statue was accepted as a gift to the United States from the people of France by U.S. President Grover Cleveland on October 28, 1886. The statue became a symbol of freedom to the European immigrants who passed it on their way to Ellis Island and their admittance to the United States. It remains today as a symbol of liberty for all.

1914: Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street in Cleveland, Ohio became the first intersection in the U.S. to be equipped with an electric traffic light. The lighting ceremony occurred on this day.

1923: Clarinetist Benny Goodman got his first professional job as a band leader on a Chicago excursion boat. He was 14 years old.


1924: The comic strip Little Orphan Annie debuted in the New York Daily News. Annie and her little dog, Sandy, were creations of cartoonist Harold Gray. His work would come to life in the Broadway and film adaptations of Annie a half-century later — to great success.


1926: Webb Pierce was born in West Monroe, Louisiana. He had 51 Top 10 country records.

1934: Bing Crosby recorded “Just A-Wearyin’ For You” and “I Love You Truly,” the first songs to be released on the new Decca Records label: single #D-100.

1941: Joe DiMaggio, the Yankee Clipper, got a new nickname when Les Brown & His Band of Renown recorded “Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio” on Okey Records.

1944: more than a thousand Japanese prisoners of war escaped from a POW camp in Cowra, New South Wales, Australia, one of the largest prison breakouts in history (read more). 


1957: “American Bandstand,” hosted by Dick Clark, started its television run.



1960: In an unprecedented move, two major-league baseball clubs traded managers. Jimmy Dykes of the Detroit Tigers moved to manage the Cleveland Indians while Joe Gordon left the Indians to take over the managerial reins of the Tigers.


1962: Actress Marilyn Monroe died from a drug overdose in Los Angeles, in a case that is still unsolved and involves a lot of speculation. She was 36 years old (read more).


1975: Singer Hank Williams Jr. fell 500 feet down a Montana mountain and survived, but recuperation took two years.

1981: President Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.

1983: the film, “Risky Business,” starring Tom Cruise, premiered. 

1988: 39,012 fans attended the first night baseball game at Chicago’s Wrigley Field.

1994: Israel and Jordan opened the first road link between the two once-warring countries.

1999: Tish, the world’s oldest captive goldfish, died in Yorkshire, England, at the age of 43. 


2004: Actress Fay Wray, held atop the Empire State Building by the giant ape in the 1933 film classic “King Kong,” died in New York City at age 96.

2004: The University of Georgia men’s basketball team was placed on probation by the NCAA for four years for rules violations under former coach Jim Harrick.

2006: A jet airliner landed safely after one of its doors fell off and crashed to earth next to a supermarket shortly after departure from Sao Paulo, Bazil. No one was hurt in the incident. The Fokker 100 plane with 79 people aboard en route to Rio de Janeiro returned to the airport safely 18 minutes after taking off.

2008: The European Union announced that it was giving Haiti $4.6 million to help pay for food in the world’s poorest country.



HISTORY SPOTLIGHT


Tish, the world’s oldest goldfish, died on this date in 1999 at the ripe old age of 43 (Taken from Link)

Tish, the world’s oldest captive goldfish has died peacefully in his bowl, 43 years after he was won as a prize at a funfair. Tish the goldfish achieved fame late in life after being recognized by the Guinness Book of Records. Mrs Hand, 72, of Thirsk, North Yorkshire, said she had become close to Tish over the years. “Goldfish are supposed to have a four-second memory, but I’m sure Tish recognized me,” she said. “He always knew when it was feeding time and I used to talk to him.” As word of Tish’s longevity spread, he “became something of a celebrity”, she said. “People always used to ask how Tish was doing. I don’t think we will be getting another one. “We couldn’t replace Tish, he was part of the family.” Mrs Hand’s son, Peter, won Tish, along with another goldfish, Tosh, playing roll-a-penny at a funfair in Doncaster, South Yorkshire, in 1956. Tosh died in 1975.  Although his age could not be verified by biological tests, the Guinness Book of Records investigators were persuaded there was nothing fishy about the claims and recognized his status. In later life, Tish faded from bright orange to a distinguished silver, but remained healthy until shortly before his death.



QUICK TRIVIA


Way back when, the Romans were first introduced to mustard seeds by the Egyptians. They mixed unfermented grape juice with ground mustard, and called this concoction “must” – hence mustard! (Taken from Link




WORD OF THE DAY


abject \ab-JEKT\, adjective:


1. Utterly hopeless, miserable, humiliating, or wretched.

2. Contemptible; despicable.


“Billy was not every good at kickball and thought his turn to kick would be abject; however, he was delighted when he kicked the ball over everyone’s head.”




INTRIGUING BIBLE FACT 


Gideon fought off 135,000 Midianites invaders with only an army of 300 men and 300 trumpets.


“Dividing the three hundred men into three companies, he placed trumpets and empty jars in the hands of all of them, with torches inside. 17 “Watch me,” he told them. “Follow my lead. When I get to the edge of the camp, do exactly as I do. 18 When I and all who are with me blow our trumpets, then from all around the camp blow yours and shout, ‘For the Lord and for Gideon.’”19 Gideon and the hundred men with him reached the edge of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch, just after they had changed the guard. They blew their trumpets and broke the jars that were in their hands. 20 The three companies blew the trumpets and smashed the jars. Grasping the torches in their left hands and holding in their right hands the trumpets they were to blow, they shouted, “A sword for the Lord and for Gideon!” 21 While each man held his position around the camp, all the Midianites ran, crying out as they fled. 22 When the three hundred trumpets sounded, the Lord caused the men throughout the camp to turn on each other with their swords. The army fled to Beth Shittah toward Zererah as far as the border of Abel Meholah near Tabbath”(Judges 16:7-22).

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