Fun Facts and Daily Trivia: Monday, May 27, 2019

The 147 day of the year–218 days left to go 

THIS WEEK IS

  • National African Violet Week (read more)
  • Black Single Parents Week 
  • Scripps National Spelling Bee (Tues-Thurs, Link)

TODAY IS

  • The 21 Monday of 2019
  • 69 day of spring–26 days until summer
  • Memorial Day (History)
  • Cellophane Tape Day* (Link) 
  • Joe Cool Day* (Link)
  • Hamburger Day (Link)

ON THIS DATE…

1873: the first Preakness Stakes was run at Pimlico Race Track in Baltimore, Maryland.  The race was won by a bay colt named Survivor. 

1907: Bubonic plague breaks out in San Francisco, California.

1919: Charles Strite of Minnesota patented the first pop-up toaster.


1926: statues of literary characters Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer were erected in Hannibal, Missouri. 

1930: Richard Gurley Drew received a patent for adhesive tape, later made by 3M as Scotch tape.

1931: In a balloon launched from Germany, Paul Kipfer and Auguste Piccard became the first to reach the stratosphere, rising almost 10 miles during their flight.

1933: The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon Three Little Pigs, with its hit song “Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?” (Video)

1937: the Golden Gate Bridge connecting San Francisco and Marin County, California opened to the public for the first time (See History Spotlight).  

1941: the German battleship “Bismarck” sank off the coastal area around France.  Some 22-hundred people perished in the accident.  

1950: Frank Sinatra made his television debut when he appeared on NBC’s “Star-Spangled Review” with Bob Hope. 


1955: the Department of Commerce recorded a United States population of 165-million people.  Officials later determined it meant a baby was being born every eight seconds in the U.S. (population meter). 

1957: Senator Theodore Green became the oldest person ever to serve in Congress.  He was nearly 90-years-old at the time. 

1957: Buddy Holly and The Crickets released the song “That’ll Be the Day.”  It later became the group’s only number one hit (Song). 

1964: a school in Coventry, England, suspended eleven boys for having hair styles like Mick Jagger of The Rolling Stones. 

1969: construction began on Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida. 

1986: diver Mel Fisher recovered a jar containing 23-hundred emeralds from the sunken Spanish ship “The Atocha.”  The jewels were valued at several million dollars (Read more). 


1994: the “Arsenio Hall Show” aired for the final time. 

1995: actor Christopher Reeve was paralyzed when he was thrown from a horse while competing in a jumping event in Virginia (Read more). 

1999: New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani presented soap star Susan Lucci with a key to the city after Lucci won her first Daytime Emmy on her 19th try a week earlier. 

2001: Members of the Islamist separatist group Abu Sayyaf seize twenty hostages from an affluent island resort on Palawan in the Philippines; the hostage crisis would not be resolved until June 2002.

2006: more than five-thousand people were killed after a six-point-two magnitude quake devastated Indonesia’s main island of Java.  

2006: Angelia Jolie and Brad Pitt welcomed their daughter Shiloh Nouvel Jolie Pitt into the world.  Shiloh was the first biological child for the couple.  She was born in Namibia, Africa.  Jolie also had two adopted children at the time of Shiloh’s birth, Maddox and Zahara. .  

2012: severe weather in the Washington, D.C. area forced the cancellation of the National Memorial Day Concert in mid-program.  Attendees were asked to evacuate the outdoor event and PBS offered regrets about having to cancel the program due to “unforeseen circumstances.” 

2016: Barack Obama is the first president of United States to visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and meet Hibakusha.

HISTORY SPOTLIGHT

The Golden Gate Bridge opens to local traffic on this day in 1937(Source

In 1916, more than four decades after railroad entrepreneur Charles Crocker’s call for a bridge across the Golden Gate Strait* (Strait) in 1872, James H. Wilkins, a structural engineer and newspaper editor for the San Francisco Call Bulletin, captured the attention of San Francisco City Engineer Michael M. O’Shaughnessy.

In August 1919, City officials formally requested that O’Shaughnessy explore the possibility of building a bridge that crossed the Golden Gate Strait. O’Shaughnessy began to consult a number of engineers across the United States about feasibility and cost of building a bridge across the strait. Most speculated that a bridge would cost over $100 million and that one could not be built. But it was Joseph Baermann Strauss that came forward and said such a bridge was not only feasible, but could be built for $25 to $30 million.

On June 28, 1921, Strauss submitted his preliminary sketches to O’Shaughnessy and Edward Rainey, Secretary to the Mayor of San Francisco, the Honorable James Rolph. The cost estimate for his original design, a symmetrical cantilever-suspension hybrid span (click here for an article about the original design) was $17 million.

It took O’Shaughnessy a year and one-half to release the cantilever-suspension hybrid bridge design to the public. During this time, Strauss went about promoting the idea of a bridge, using his original design, in communities throughout northern California. Strauss dedicated himself to convincing civic leaders that the span was not only feasible but it could be paid with toll revenues alone. His energies paid off, as once his design was made public by O’Shaughnessy in December 1922, the public voiced little opposition, even though it was described as “ugly” by the local press. The bridge opened for traffic on this date in 1937. 




QUICK TRIVIA 


On this date in 1837, Wild Bill Hickok was born. (Source)

His real name was James Butler Hickok, but he had a huge nose and, as a child, other kids nicknamed him “Duck Bill.” When he grew up, he changed it to Wild Bill. Wild Bill Hickok is remembered for his services in Kansas as sheriff of Hays City and marshal of Abilene, where his iron-handed rule helped to tame two of the most lawless towns on the frontier. He is also remembered for the cards he was holding when he was shot dead — a pair of black aces and a pair of black eights — since known as the dead man’s hand.

WORD OF THE DAY

Tacit

(tās’ĭt) adj

Not spoken, implied by or inferred from actions or statements

“The proud father showed gave tacit approval with a smile and wink”

INTRIGUING BIBLE FACT

The people of Lystra were so amazed at Paul and Barnabas that they proclaimed them to be gods. However, after Paul and Barnabas protested and some came in and opposed Paul and Barnabas, they stoned Paul and left him for dead.


“In Lystra there sat a man crippled in his feet, who was lame from birth and had never walked. He listened to Paul as he was speaking. Paul looked directly at him, saw that he had faith to be healed and called out, “Stand up on your feet!” At that, the man jumped up and began to walk. When the crowd saw what Paul had done, they shouted in the Lycaonian language, “The gods have come down to us in human form!” Barnabas they called Zeus, and Paul they called Hermes because he was the chief speaker. The priest of Zeus, whose temple was just outside the city, brought bulls and wreaths to the city gates because he and the crowd wanted to offer sacrifices to them. But when the apostles Barnabas and Paul heard of this, they tore their clothes and rushed out into the crowd, shouting: “Men, why are you doing this? We too are only men, human like you. We are bringing you good news, telling you to turn from these worthless things to the living God, who made heaven and earth and sea and everything in them. In the past, he let all nations go their own way. Yet he has not left himself without testimony: He has shown kindness by giving you rain from heaven and crops in their seasons; he provides you with plenty of food and fills your hearts with joy.” Even with these words, they had difficulty keeping the crowd from sacrificing to them. Then some Jews came from Antioch and Iconium and won the crowd over. They stoned Paul and dragged him outside the city, thinking he was dead. But after the disciples had gathered around him, he got up and went back into the city. The next day he and Barnabas left for Derbe.” (Acts 14:8-19)

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